In this article, we present an extensive literature review, collecting qualitative and quantitative information to identify how has been assessed the drivers of deforestation (illicit crops, illegal mining, cattle ranching and the extension of the agricultural border).

Colombia is a country conformed by regions that have different socio-economic and environmental conditions, the study shows how the remote sensing methods could fit into the ecological and social processes based on the specificity of those regions. This article assesses the correlation between conflict-related impacts, geographical location (ecoregions), causes, consequences and remote sensing features. We sought trends, convergence and divergence patterns. Then we considered variables such as biome, land cover and land use affectation, scale, and satellite imagery sensors to identify the link between conflict drivers with geographical location assessed by remote sensing methods. We collected data from 40 studies from international peer-reviewed journals from 2001 to 2020 that are indexed using scientific search engines.

Reviews similar to those presented here may become a tool in order to understand the reasons behind the conflict and their consequences.